befus-hero.jpeg
WELCOME TO BAYLOR'S 

Volcanoes + Gems + Petrology

 

ACTIVE RESEARCH

Our group is fascinated by the conditions of magmas that trigger eruptions, as well as the volcanic processes of eruptive ascent and emplacement. We also study crystals — igneous, metamorphic, and gemstones. We use information preserved within crystals to understand petrologic and tectonic processes.

Embayment CO2.png
Magmatic ascent rates

We are using synchrotron FTIR and high temperature experiments to determine the volatile contents in melt embayments (CO2 map here). Embayments record the decompression histories of rhyolitic melt ascending volcanic conduits. 

Drone Flying.png
Drones for volcanoes

Drone platforms allow rapid, nimble assessment of volcanic processes. We've developed a thermal infrared system that can be mounted under a hobby-level drone. 

See a video of our trip to Iceland.

DSCN4591.jpg
Stress in crystals

We are using synchrotron X-ray microdiffraction (μXRD) to analyze crystal lattice deformation in crystals ejected in volcanic eruptions. We want to learn what geologic processes strain crystals.

 

See a Baylor promo video.

 

OUR LAB

Our lab contains a high temperature experimental petrology system. The lab is also home to FTIR and Raman spectrometers, petrographic tools, and high powered computing.  
image001.jpg
 

PUBLICATIONS

Screen Shot 2021-02-19 at 1.45.48 PM.png

Roy Bassoo publishes the first assessment of Guyana's alluvial diamonds. We document the diamonds' surface textures, internal structures, compositions, and inclusion character. We suggest Guyana's diamonds are sourced from the Paleoproterozoic. 

BUbbly embayment.png

Anna Ruefer demonstrates that quartz-hosted embayments from 10 caldera-forming eruptions have diverse bubble textures. Embayments shapes also take many forms, ranging from straight and simple to highly irregular. 

EPSL 2022.png

James Thompson shows that thermal infrared spectroscopic from a geostationary satellite is an effective tool for volcano monitoring, and can be used to evaluate the eruption processes of La Soufriere Volcano at St. Vincent.

 

MEET THE TEAM

Zoom Face.png
Dr. Kenneth Befus

Associate Professor
CV and Google Scholar page

YouTube Channel

EmanuelHeadshot.jpg
Emanuel Giovanini

PhD student

james_thompson_edited_edited.jpg
James Thompson

Post doc

Google Scholar page

chelsea_opt2.jpg
Chelsea Allison

Post doc

Google Scholar page

james_thompson_edited_edited.jpg
chelsea_opt2.jpg
Dr. James Thompson

Post doc

CV and Google Scholar page

Dr. Chelsea Allison

Post doc

Google Scholar page